ENT15 Videos

How to Perform an Ear Washout – ENT-Otolaryngology Skills

Acute otitis media (AOM) is an acute, suppurative infectious process marked by the presence of infected middle ear fluid and inflammation of the mucosa lining the middle ear space. The infection is most frequently precipitated by impaired function of the Eustachian tube, resulting in the retention and suppuration of retained secretions. AOM may also be […]

Forget Q-Tips — Here’s How You Should Be Cleaning Your Ears

External otitis: Pathogenesis, Pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnosis   The term external otitis (also known as otitis externa or swimmer’s ear) refers to inflammation of the external auditory canal or auricle, usually from infection.   ●Risk factors Risk factors for developing external otitis include swimming (or other water exposure), trauma (eg, ear scratching, cotton swabs), […]

Earwax Removal Syringe – How to Use at Home

otorrhea (ear discharge) in children   Otorrhea means drainage of liquid from the ear. Otorrhea results from external ear canal pathology or middle ear disease with tympanic membrane perforation. ●Differential diagnosis The table provides a differential diagnosis for otorrhea in children. The history and physical examination will differentiate among most causes of otorrhea in children. […]

ear cleaning ASMR

Evaluation of earache in children The differential diagnosis of ear pain can be categorized by the anatomic site from which the pain originates. Patients with primary otalgia have pain originating from the ear itself. Secondary otalgia is referred pain, originating in another anatomic site but causing the sensation of arising from the ear.  Cases of […]

Ear Irrigation

Pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnosis    The term external otitis (also known as otitis externa or swimmer’s ear) refers to inflammation of the external auditory canal or auricle, usually from infection.   ●Risk factors Risk factors for developing external otitis include swimming (or other water exposure), trauma (eg, ear scratching, cotton swabs), occlusive ear devices […]

Strep throat (streptococcal pharyngitis)- pathophysciology, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Clinical features and diagnosis ●Epidemiology – Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is the most common cause of bacterial pharyngitis in children and adolescents. It accounts for 15 to 30 percent of all cases of pharyngitis in children between the ages of 5 and 15 years. In temperate climates, the incidence of GAS pharyngitis peaks during the winter and […]

What is Streptococcal Pharyngitis. – Strep Throat Made Astoundingly Simple

INTRODUCTION Acute pharyngitis is one of the most common conditions encountered in outpatient clinical practice. Most cases of acute pharyngitis are caused by respiratory viruses and are self-limited. However, symptoms of viral pharyngitis broadly overlap with pharyngitis caused by important treatable causes, such as group A Streptococcus (GAS). Using a systematic approach to diagnosis can help reduce […]

STREPTOCOCCAL PHARYNGITIS, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

Treatment and prevention of streptococcal pharyngitis in adults and children ●Importance of treatment – Group A Streptococcus (GAS), or Streptococcus pyogenes, is the leading bacterial cause of tonsillopharyngitis in adults and children worldwide. GAS is one of the few causes of tonsillopharyngitis or pharyngitis for which antibiotic treatment is recommended. The goals of antibiotic therapy for GAS pharyngitis include […]

Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono) Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Clinical manifestations and treatment Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a widely disseminated herpesvirus that is spread by close contact between susceptible persons and asymptomatic EBV shedders. EBV is the primary agent of infectious mononucleosis (IM) and is associated with the development of B cell lymphoma, T cell lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.  ●Subclinical infection − […]

Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono) – Epstein-Barr Virus, Transmission, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Epidemiology − Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is an acute illness due to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, which occurs mainly in adolescents and young adults. ●Clinical manifestations − IM is classically characterized by fever, pharyngitis, fatigue, and lymphadenopathy. Other findings can include splenomegaly and palatal petechiae. Cervical lymphadenopathy tends to involve the posterior chain of lymph nodes.  […]